Vascular Care

Prostate Embolization (Prostatic Artery Embolization) 

Many men over the age of 50 have to deal with a common issue: an enlarged prostate known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Approximately half of males between the ages of 50 and 60 develop this condition, increasing as men get older. An enlarged prostate is not only uncomfortable, but it also can affect ejaculation and slow the flow of urine. Men with enlarged prostates may eventually require treatment, but an enlarged prostate is not in and of itself life-threatening. If you are experiencing symptoms of an enlarged prostate, prostate artery embolization (PAE) may be right for you.

What is Prostate Artery Embolization?

Prostate artery embolization is an FDA-approved, minimally invasive procedure which can be an alternative to surgery. This procedure is performed by an interventional radiologist that can improve lower urinary tract symptoms caused by an enlarged prostate. The procedure involves releasing tiny particles into the arteries that  supply the prostate, which reduces the blood allowing the prostate shrink. Patients who opt for PAE have quick recovery and high rate of satisfaction, without sexual side effects or urinary incontinence. Another advantage of PAE, as opposed to surgical alternatives, it does not require an indwelling foley catheter after the intervention which many men find uncomfortable.

What is PAE Used For?

Prostate artery embolization is used to treat men with enlarged prostates. Though enlarged prostates are not life-threatening, they can hinder a man’s daily life. Men with this condition often encounter urinary and sexual issues. They can also experience slow and frequent urination. Typical treatments for enlarged prostates can potentially result in severe sexual dysfunction  including retrograde ejaculation. PAE is shown to have a good side effect profile and is safe and effective.

PAE Procedure

The procedure is performed under X-Ray guidance by making a pinhole puncture into a vessel at the top of the leg or wrist. During the procedure, microscopic particles are released into the arteries that feed the prostate gland through a tiny catheter which is the size of a spaghetti. The particles occlude the prostatic arteries and block off the excess blood flow to the prostate. After the procedure the enlarged prostate will shink over weeks to months. This procedure does not require general anesthesia because patients experience minimal pain. This is an outpatient procedure with no hospital stay. Most patients have minor post procedure discomfort with quick recovery recovery time before returning to their usual activity.

Fibroid Embolization

Many women are symptomatic from uterine fibroids or myomas at some pointtime during their lives. Uterine fibroids are a commonly seen benign tumor of the uterus. These fibroids often appear during childbearing years. Size of these fibroids may vary and can cause heavy periods, pelvic discomfort, urinary frequency, and bloating. If you have been diagnosed  with uterine fibroids ,a safe and effective non-surgical uterine sparing  treatment we is uterine fibroid embolization (UFE).

What is Uterine Fibroid Embolization?

Uterine fibroid embolization (UFE), also known as  uterine artery embolization (UAE), is a minimally invasive procedure that eases symptoms associated with this condition. Fibroids can cause severe symptoms in women, including pelvic pain, heavy menstrual bleeding, and swelling in the abdomen. This procedure decreases the blood flow to fibroids, stops excessive bleeding, and shrinks fibroids providing an alternative to hysterectomy or surgical removal of fibroids.

Who Is A Candidate for Uterine Fibroid Embolization?

You may be a good candidate for uterine fibroid embolization if you:

  • Have been experiencing symptoms like excessive menstrual  bleeding, pelvic pain, bloating, frequent urination, or cramping. 
  • Are not currently pregnant. 
  • Have been diagnosed with fibroids.

Uterine fibroid embolization can be an ideal treatment option for patients with symptomatic fibroids. UFE is a minimally invasive procedure performed on an outpatient basis without  abdominal scarring.  incision or scarring  with quicker recovery compared with many surgical options.


Uterine fibroid embolization is an effective, safe, outpatient procedure which does not require hospitalization. It is a short procedure usually completed within an hour. An interventional radiologist will insert a catheter into an artery in the groin area. The catheter is then threaded into the uterine arteries. The embolic agent is then injected into the arteries that supply blood to the fibroids and uterus. As the fibroids begin to shrink and die, the uterus can fully recover. 



If you’ve been diagnosed with uterine fibroids, you have alternative treatment options available aside from a hysterectomy or surgeries. Our interventional radiologist combines medical expertise and compassion to guide you through your treatment journey every step of the way to help you get back to your routine quickly.

Varicocele Embolization 

What is Varicocele Embolization?

A varicocele  are an abnormal enlarged veins in the male scrotum with stagnant or reversed blood flow. When these valves in the vein draining the testicle are not present or fail, blood can begin to pool in the veins around the testicle, forming a varicocele. Varicoceles can cause pain, infertility, swelling, or testicular atrophy. In many instances, a varicocele does not cause any symptoms. However, some varicoceles cause aching pain, especially if the person has been in an upright position for an extended period of time. Heavy lifting can also cause pressure in the varicocele. 


Varicocele embolization is a procedure which used real time x-ray guidance performed on an outpatient basis that diverts blood away from the varicocele. An interventional radiologist will insert a small tube the size of a spaghetti into a leg vein in either the leg or in the arm. The catheter is then placed into the varicocele, and tiny coils are inserted into the vein to block it and stop the reversed blood flow in the varicocele. Embolization is a highly effective alternative to surgery and only requires a small nick in the skin with minimal or no down time as opposed to a surgical incision into the scrotum. . 


Who Is A Candidate For Varicocele Embolization?

If you are searching for an effective, minimally invasive treatment option for your varicocele, it’s best to speak with an interventional radiologist. You may be an ideal candidate for varicocele embolization if you are an adult male that has been appropriately diagnosed with an enlarged vein that’s causing your testicular pain or infertility. Your doctor will discuss the best course of treatment for your unique needs. 


Choose NYMD 

If you’ve been diagnosed with a varicocele, surgery does not have to be your only option. Our interventional radiologist treats men with varicoceles using embolization. Our experts combine compassion and medical expertise to help you through your treatment and provide relief so you can safely return to your daily routine.