Prostate cancer is the most frequently occurring kind of non-skin cancer in the United States today. This kind of cancer occurs when cells within the prostate gland begin to grow out of control. Prostate cancer is a completely preventable disease, which means that regular screenings are vital.
An enlarged prostate occurs when the prostate gland that partly encircles the urethra becomes swollen. This swelling can put so much pressure on the urethra that it becomes blocked, which often leads to serious urinary issues. The most common cause of enlarged prostate is prostatic hypertrophy.
Men who are over the age of 50 have an elevated risk for prostate problems like an enlarged prostate and prostate cancer. Men over the age of 65 are even more likely to develop prostate problems: Six out of 10 cases of prostate cancer occur in men in that age group. Family history may play a role in prostate problems as well, as men with fathers or brothers with prostate problems are more likely to develop issues themselves.
Prostate cancers are usually discovered through screenings. There are two types of screenings:
A preliminary diagnosis can be made with either of these tests, but a biopsy is needed to diagnose prostate cancer.
A prostate biopsy is performed when a screening indicates prostate issues. Prostate biopsies are performed on-site at the New York Medicine Doctors facility. During the biopsy, the patient will receive local anesthesia to help them stay comfortable. The doctor extracts a tissue sample from several different areas of the prostate gland using a very fine needle. The procedure takes 10-15 minutes in most cases.
The treatment for enlarged prostate is based on the patient's symptoms and health. Options for treatment include medication and minimally invasive therapy that can diminish part of the prostate gland. This can, in turn, allow for unrestricted urination.
Prostate cancer can be treated successfully today, especially if found early. We offer a wider range of customized treatment options, including hormone therapy, radiation therapy, cryotherapy, and more.
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