Coronary Artery Disease

Coronary Artery Disease Specialist
Coronary artery disease causes plaque accumulation within the coronary arteries. This, in turn, depletes the supply of oxygenated blood that the heart is able to receive and threatens a patient’s overall health. Patients who suffer from coronary artery disease or other heart problems can rely on cardiologist Dr. Rany Saleh at New York Medicine Doctors in New York City for help.

Coronary Artery Disease Q & A

New York Medicine Doctors

What is coronary artery disease?

Coronary artery disease is one of the leading causes of death today. Coronary artery disease happens when cholesterol and other fatty deposits start to build up inside the heart's arteries. The job of these arteries is moving blood and oxygen to the heart, but when those deposits accumulate, the blood can't move to the heart in necessary quantities. Coronary artery disease can become quite serious, and could even cause a heart attack or death if untreated.

Who is at risk for coronary artery disease?

There are a number of risk factors for coronary artery disease. Many of these are controllable, including:

  • High cholesterol
  • High blood pressure
  • Diabetes
  • Excess weight
  • Cigarette smoking
  • A sedentary lifestyle
  • Poor dietary choices
  • Stress

There are also risk factors that can't be controlled, including age (over 45 for men and over 55 for women) and a family history of coronary heart disease. The majority of risk factors for coronary artery disease begin early in life. For this reason, it's important that people start good eating and exercise habits when they're still young -- preferably in childhood.

What are the signs of coronary artery disease?

The indicators of coronary artery disease include:

  • Chest pain
  • Breathing problems
  • Nausea
  • Pain in other parts of the body like the back or jaw

What can patients do to prevent coronary artery disease?

There are a number of things that people can do to prevent coronary artery disease. Weight loss as needed, dietary changes, cessation of smoking, reduction of stress, and regular exercise are all excellent ways to help avoid coronary artery disease.

How is coronary artery disease treated?

In addition to positive lifestyle changes, medications may be used in coronary artery disease treatment, including:

  • Cholesterol medication
  • Blood thinners
  • Blood pressure medication
  • Beta blockers
  • Nitroglycerin

In cases where lifestyle changes and medication aren't sufficient to treat coronary artery disease, surgery may be considered. This may include angioplasty and stent placement or coronary artery bypass surgery. New York Medicine Doctors cardiologist Dr. Saleh will customize a treatment solution for every patient.

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