Coronary artery disease is one of the leading causes of death today. Coronary artery disease happens when cholesterol and other fatty deposits start to build up inside the heart's arteries. The job of these arteries is moving blood and oxygen to the heart, but when those deposits accumulate, the blood can't move to the heart in necessary quantities. Coronary artery disease can become quite serious, and could even cause a heart attack or death if untreated.
There are a number of risk factors for coronary artery disease. Many of these are controllable, including:
There are also risk factors that can't be controlled, including age (over 45 for men and over 55 for women) and a family history of coronary heart disease. The majority of risk factors for coronary artery disease begin early in life. For this reason, it's important that people start good eating and exercise habits when they're still young -- preferably in childhood.
The indicators of coronary artery disease include:
There are a number of things that people can do to prevent coronary artery disease. Weight loss as needed, dietary changes, cessation of smoking, reduction of stress, and regular exercise are all excellent ways to help avoid coronary artery disease.
In addition to positive lifestyle changes, medications may be used in coronary artery disease treatment, including:
In cases where lifestyle changes and medication aren't sufficient to treat coronary artery disease, surgery may be considered. This may include angioplasty and stent placement or coronary artery bypass surgery. New York Medicine Doctors cardiologist Dr. Saleh will customize a treatment solution for every patient.
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