An aortic aneurysm is a major bulge in the aorta. If an aortic aneurysm is large enough, it can rupture. When an aortic aneurysm bursts, major bleeding starts. This can result in death if treatment isn't pursued immediately.
An aortic aneurysm is most often caused by atherosclerosis, also known as hardening of the arteries. Other causes include:
The natural aging process can also contribute to the development of aortic aneurysms. Some congenital conditions that can cause aortic aneurysms include:
Aortic aneurysm symptoms are different from one area of your body to the next. An aortic aneurysm can happen anywhere from your chest to your abdominal area. If the aortic aneurysm is in your chest, you may have no obvious symptoms early on. If the aneurysm in your chest starts to grow, it will start to stress your chest organs, including your heart, which can lead to:
If an aortic aneurysm in your chest bursts, you will experience sudden and severe pain, as well as a rapid decrease in blood pressure. This can cause you to go into shock fairly quickly, so getting to the hospital immediately is critical. It's important for patients who have any of the risk factors for aortic aneurysm to have regular appointments with Dr. Saleh at New York Medicine Doctors. By having regular check-ups, aortic aneurysms can be treated and managed well before they grow out of control and burst.
Treatment for aortic aneurysms can include both medication and surgery. The goals are to:
Patients will need to have their aneurysm tested by Dr. Saleh on a regular basis to ensure it's not expanding. Surgery is generally only needed if the aneurysm is at risk for rupture.
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